Losartan Tablets (Generic Cozaar)
Losartan Potassium Medical Card
You might have heard about losartan potassium from your friends or your doctor. Probably, you have been advised or given a receipt to start using it. Similarly to other medications, it can be difficult to completely understand losartan potassium from the label or general doctor’s explanation. Therefore, here is a simple losartan potassium tablets monograph to help you understand everything about this medicament.
What Is Losartan Potassium?
Losartan Potassium is basically a prescription drug in the form of oral tablets. It is part of the Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists. It comes in two types: brand-name, Cozaar; and losartan potassium generic which are less expensive. However, the brand-name have more options and are stronger.
Losartan is only taken orally. It can be taken on its own. Nevertheless, it can be also part of a therapy. Meaning that it can be combined to have a better effect.
What Is Losartan Potassium Used For?
Losartan Potassium tablets are medicine that prohibit the narrowing of blood vessels. It is used for lowering the blood pressure. Thus, it helps in improving the flow of the blood. It is mainly used by people who suffer from hypertension.
Moreover, losartan potassium is used from people who suffer from heart diseases. It helps in decrease the potential of getting a stroke.
Also, those who suffer from type II diabetes use Losartan Potassium. These people usually have high blood pressure as well. They also can suffer from kidney damage. Losartan Potassium helps in slowing the process down.
How Does Losartan Potassium Function?
Losartan potassium blocks angiotensin II. This is a chemical that occurs naturally in your body, especially in men and women of the ages 40-60. Its function is to narrow and tighten the blood vessels. This causes high blood pressure because it is harder for the blood to move in arteries, for example. Also, the blood vessels can narrow until they are blocked and they can cause a stroke.
Losartan potassium tablets’ function is to prevent this from happening. They widen these blood vessels and thus decrease the blood pressure, thus it is prescribed to people who suffer from hypertension.
Moreover, the high blood pressure can cause kidney damage. This is a side effect of the high levels of sugar in blood to people with type II diabetes. They also suffer from the blood pressure, thus losartan potassium helps them too in the same way.
Losartan Potassium Advised Dosages and Usages
People who suffer from hypertension should take losartan potassium tablets 100mg per day. Children must only take the losartan potassium, whereas adults are advised to have a combination of Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists.
In the cases of adults who have a hepatic impairment medical history losartan potassium tablets 25 mg on a daily basis, initially, are advised to be taken. These people and those who suffer from renal impairment should not take combined therapies.
Moreover, if you have intravascular volume depletion are also advised to take small doses, 25mg. They should not have combined therapies with hydrochlorothiazide.
Furthermore, losartan potassium is used by patients of type II diabetes or those who have particular kidney problems. Its usage should be avoided if you are prescribed aliskiren.
Losartan Potassium Side Effects
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has given losartan potassium a black label. This has happened due to the medicament being very dangerous if you do not use it right.
Some people might be allergic to losartan potassium. You might be allergic and need to contact a doctor if you have the following symptoms after you take your dose: If you cannot breath or are experiencing difficulty; if your face or parts in your head such as tongue, throat, or lips swell; and if you are experiencing hives.
Losartan potassium is used by the patients of type II diabetes to slow the kidney failure down, however it can even cause the exact opposite. It might cause for the skeletal muscle tissue to collapse. The symptoms of these side effect are usually as follows: muscle pain although you have not exercised or done physical work; constant tenderness; feeling weak and have a fever at the same time; feeling tired all the time even after you rest; and most importantly, your urine has an unusual dark color.
Potential side effects to patients of Hypertension
There are some typical side effects of the losartan potassium for people who use it for their hypertension. These patients could experience an infection in their respiratory system or they can feel constant dizziness. Other potential side effects include back, leg, muscle pain and also chronic pain such as sinusitis.
Potential side effects to patients of Diabetes
People who suffer from diabetes and are prescribed losartan potassium might suffer from different side effect than those who use it for their hypertension. They might experience an infection in their urinary tract and have diarrhea. They might have chest pain and also cough a lot leading up to bronchitis. Other side effects include hypotension, gastritis, and diabetic vascular disease. These patients might also experience different types of chronic pains such as in knees, legs, or sinusitis, such as the hypertension patients.
Losartan Potassium Usage during Pregnancy
You should not use losartan potassium while you are pregnant. If you are prescribed this drug you should let your doctor know as soon as you get pregnant.
Losartan potassium works on the angiotensin system. Different studies, conducted on animals, concluded that drugs which act on this system cause fetal and neonatal death and toxicity. This occurs in humans in the second and also third trimesters. Using losartan potassium while pregnant increases the potential of miscarriages during this period.
This drug has been labeled in the D category by both AU TGA pregnancy categories and also US FDA. This is the category of drugs that should not be used during pregnancy because they increase fetal mortality or damages.
Losartan Potassium Usage during Breastfeeding
If you just had a child and you decided to breastfeed him/ her you should not start taking your losartan potassium tablets. It is not advised to take them while you are breastfeeding. Studies conducted in animals show that losartan potassium causes excreted milk. You should decide between breastfeeding and not continuing the drug or using pharmaceutical milk and continue using losartan potassium.