Budesonide Capsules (Generic Pulmicort, Rhinocort)
Drug information on Budesonide Capsules (Generic Pulmicort, Rhinocort)
How to Use and Dosage
Budesonide (generic Pulmicort, Rhinocort) capsules are made to treat mild to moderate active Crohn’s disease that involves the ileum or/and the ascending colon. These capsules are meant to be used by individuals who are more than eight years old and have reached the minimum permitted weight. This means that they are not meant for small children.
The dosage mainly depends on the age of the person taking the capsules. Adults should take a single 9 milligram dose on a daily basis for 8 weeks. Adults with recurring episodes can also use these capsules the same way.
Children between 8 to 17 years old and having a weight of more than 25 kilograms should take a single 9 milligram dose on a daily basis for 8 weeks. This should be followed by a daily use of the 6 milligram dose on a daily basis for 2 weeks. The importance of the 2 weeks period in children is to ensure they do not stop using the capsules abruptly.
The side effects of the Budesonide capsules usually vary from one patient to the other. But there are certain side effects which are common among majority of the patients. One of the main side effects is hypercorticism which is basically having too much corticosteroid in the blood. This particular side effect is shown by acne, swelling on the ankles, having more hair on the face, moon face, buffalo lump and pink stretch marks on the thighs.
Another side effect of these capsules is adrenal suppression and it happens after using the medication for a long time. This effect involves the adrenal glands being unable to make enough steroid hormones. Patients with this side effects experience weakness, tiredness, vomiting and nausea.
Increased risk of infections is also a common side effect of the medicine. This is mainly because the medication usually makes the immune system weaker because of this the patients becomes more prone to being infected by various conditions. Some of the signs of this particular side effect include chills, feeling tired, fever and aches.
Patients with allergies might also notice that their allergies are becoming worse after using these capsules. The most common allergies that become worse include eczema which is a skin condition and rhinitis which is and inflammation that happens inside the nose.
There are also other common side effects of the Budesonide capsules and they include: pain on the abdominal area, back pain, headaches, indigestion, gas, tiredness, vomiting, dizziness and nausea.
The main precaution when using these capsules is to avoid using grapefruit juice. This particular juice inhibits the activities of CYP3A4. As a result the patients on this treatment might experience serious side effects. Before starting using these capsules it is also paramount to consult a professional doctor. The doctor will do an examination to establish whether the patient has certain conditions that might react negatively with the medicine. Some of the conditions that react negatively with these capsules include; liver problems, tuberculosis, stomach ulcers, pregnancy, cataracts and hypertension among others.
It is also important for a person taking this medication to not be taking other medicines such as vitamins and supplements. This is because there are components in the capsules that react negatively with supplements and vitamins.
It is advisable to avoid using Budesonide with inhibitors of CPYP3A4 such as ketoconazole, because these inhibitors increase the systematic concentrations of Budesonide.
An overdose of these capsules can result to serious consequences.
In case of an overdose, you should immediately contact the nearest local poison control center or the emergency room.
US residents poison hotline contacts: 1-800-222-1222.
Citizens of Canada should contact their local poison centers immediately in case of the drug overdose for assistance.