Signs of Diabetes, Its Types and Treatment
To fully understand what diabetes is and how it affects the body, you would need to understand the hormone insulin and its role in the body. Insulin is a hormone that is responsible for the intake of nutrients from the food and drink. When you consume food and drink, the body releases insulin so the nutrients can be effectively delivered to the cells in the human body alongside the lowering of blood sugar. Insulin is not only responsible for nutrient absorption but also responsible for the maintenance of our blood sugar.
Those who are diabetic, have problems with either insulin production, or their cells are insulin resistant meaning the cells can’t effectively intake the nutrients and sugar – leading to higher blood sugar. This heightened blood sugar levels accompany a wide array of issues and because the body can’t effectively fix this problem, medications must be regularly administered to prevent these issues from causing anymore health problems, or even death.
There are many signs of diabetes and these red flags are what leads you to the doctor’s office. However, it’s important to keep in mind that some of these symptoms may have no direct correlation with diabetes as some of these signs may be also attributed to an unhealthy lifestyle. Although, consistent feelings of these symptoms should result in seeing a doctor. Let’s get into this –
- Frequent urination and/or stool.
- Constant feelings of thirst and hunger
- Chronic fatigue
- Slow healing of cuts and wounds.
- Blurred vision
- Weight gain or loss
- Numbness, tingling or pain in the hands or feet
What many people may not know is that there are two main types of diabetes – type 1 and type 2. Now, while both types all consist of an inability to be able to effectively lower blood sugar levels, the reasons for being incapable to do so are specifically what sets both types apart.
Type 1 diabetes, which is commonly referred to as the most serious form of the two, in this case the sufferer’s pancreas – (the organ responsible for insulin production) has been attacked and made ineffective by the individual’s immune system. This is usually genetically inherited and is nothing more than a severe malfunction which is the body’s fault. Meaning, you could be the world’s healthiest person but could still develop this condition, assuming it runs in the family.
Type 2 diabetes is a little different, while genetic factors may play a role in developing this condition, however, lifestyle and diet play a huge role when it comes to the chances of developing type 2 diabetes – (more so than type 1). This form of diabetes is far more common than type 1 and is more common in overweight men and women typically over the age of 40.
In people with type 2 diabetes, their pancreas usually doesn’t produce enough insulin, or their cells have simply become resistant to the insulin – meaning the insulin does no effectively uptake the nutrients and sugar from their food into the cells. If food/beverage are continuously consumed in this state, this will lead to a building up of sugar levels in the blood which can cause all sorts of symptoms to arise.
On a brighter note there are a number of medications used to treat and maintain diabetes, although none of them are meant to cure diabetes as there sadly is no cure. Here is a list the most well-known and used medications for diabetes.
Metformin (Janumet) – Generally, this is the first medication prescribed for type 2 diabetes. This medication can usually be taken alongside insulin. This medication’s role in the body is to control and maintain a health blood sugar level. It also plays a role in how the liver processes sugar. Metformin is more likely to be taken by type 2 sufferers although, some type 1 diabetics feel a benefit from this drug.
Insulin – Due to the pancreas not being able to produce insulin, type 1 sufferers have to inject themselves with insulin several times every day. This is typically before eating and drinking. Now there are several different types of insulin which a patient can take, this is because some insulin medications may not be as effective as others.
Saxenda (Liraglutide) is similar to a hormone that occurs naturally in the body and helps control blood sugar, insulin levels, and digestion. This is an injectable prescription medicine that may help obese or overweight adults to lose weight and keep the weight off. It is used together with diet and exercise.
Thiazolidinediones helps a diabetic patient with type 2 diabetes by increasing the body’s sensitivity to insulin. This makes the very little insulin that they produce much more effective in the uptake of nutrients and sugar into the cells.
However, it’s mandatory to get the right prescription from your doctor as the treatment for diabetes is very individual and must be adjusted from person to person. When your prescription is ready it is time to get your medicines. However, the price for your drugs might cost a fortune considering the fact that you usually have to take your diabetic treatment your whole life. At FairPriceRx.com you can order home delivery of your medicines at fairest price. This information platform is designed for you providing safe services and quick dispatch of your orders. Visit the website for your best suggestion!